What’s next? ‘Obamacare’ open enrollment closes

AUSTIN (KXAN/AP) — Now that the open enrollment for insurance in the healthcare marketplace is closed, volunteers are preparing for the next round of questions.

The final hours before the deadline drew out a line that didn’t seem to end seem to end at the Highland Mall. As applicants like Daniel Del Rio came in to sign up, more central Texans came out to get help starting the application process at the Highland Mall.

“I started my application online, but I ran into a little bit of an issue so I just came here to finish the process before the deadline,” Del Rio said.

The 211 call center at United Way for Greater Austin also saw a surge.

The center was averaging about 600 or 700 calls about the healthcare law each month before this month, according to Jessica Venson, the director of client services at United Way for Greater Austin.

The number of calls jumped to about 2,700 in March.

“I would compare [the call volume] to the disasters that we’ve had to respond to like a hurricane or the Bastrop fires,” said Venson. “So it is. It’s historic.”

Central Texans who become insured for the first time may turn for help using their coverage and navigating their plans.

“It definitely is not going to stop here,” Venson said.

The federal online marketplace for insurance coverage had recorded 1.2 million visitors by noon Monday, despite a couple of glitches. The website was out of service for nearly four hours this morning as technicians patched a software bug. Another hiccup this afternoon temporarily kept new applicants from signing up, but that too was resolved.

Officials say the system has been operating at full capacity, with more than 125,000 people at a time using it.

The White House is hoping an enrollment surge will push sign-ups to around 6.5 million people.

Among the unknowns about the enrollment numbers, however, is how many people were previously uninsured. That’s considered the real test of Obama’s health care overhaul.

While today is the last day officially to sign up, millions of people are potentially eligible for extensions granted by the administration.

If you don’t have health insurance you could get hit with a penalty when you file for taxes next year. The penalty is one percent of income or $95, whichever is greater.

However, there are some exemptions.

For example, you won’t have to pay the penalty if you’re uninsured for less than three months of the year or if you couldn’t get Medicaid because you live in a state, like Texas, that did not expand Medicaid.

In San Antonio, a line of last-minute health care consumers stretched a quarter of the way around the Alamodome. In Houston, the search was on for interpreters to help people enroll for insurance.

Those trained to assist with the rush in Dallas prepared to work well past 11 p.m. And in the Rio Grande Valley, an organizer scurried between stacks of library books trying to help a half-dozen people get health care.

This is what the final day of open enrollment in President Barack Obama’s health insurance marketplace looked like in Texas – the state with the highest rate of uninsured in the nation and one of the most crucial to the program’s overall success.

“Texans sometimes have a little bit of a Southern sensibility, so it takes these deadlines to get them to get their enrollment completed,” said Mimi Garcia, Texas’ director for Enroll America.

But the obstacles abounded Monday as people rushed to either complete their enrollment or at least begin, guaranteeing they could then continue in the coming weeks under an Obama administration extension. The healthcare.gov website worked sporadically, an 800 number was slower than usual, and it took hours to get an interpreter and a counselor on the phone simultaneously at a center in Houston that helps refugees.

“With everybody showing up the last day it’s a little bit rough,” said Bob Reed, vice president of patient services at Parkland Hospital in Dallas. By 2 p.m. Monday, the hospital and its outlying clinics had already seen more people than they had been averaging daily, he said.

For Texas, where one in four people are uninsured, enrollment is crucial, and the state has lagged behind others that face similar obstacles, including powerful politicians that have vocally opposed the program. By March 1, about 295,000 Texans had enrolled, less than half the 629,000 that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services had projected would enroll by the deadline.

Azeb Yusuf, 45, a program coordinator at the Somali Bantu Community of Greater Houston, has been working since March 8 with a City of Houston navigator to enroll refugees.

By 8:30 a.m. Monday, more than a half-dozen people from Ethiopia, Nepal, Eritrea, Somalia, Iraq, Iran and other war-torn areas waited inside a small room to see the navigator. Many had visited before. On this last day, they took a day off from work, hoping to meet the deadline.

Besides enrollment assistance, they also needed help from interpreters who speak languages such as Amharic and Tigrigna, the latter spoken in Eritrea. Yusuf said it can take hours for an interpreter and an Affordable Care Act counselor to help on the phone simultaneously, and sometimes one drops off the line. She said a client was on hold for so long last week that the interpreter fell asleep.

“And he started snoring,” Yusuf added, laughing.

As more people streamed in, Yusuf instructed them on how to start enrolling on their smartphones.

Misrak Tessema, a 31-year-old mother of two who moved to Houston from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, three years ago, took the day off from her cable assembly job to enroll. Clutching her paperwork, she said she had tried to enroll several times.

“We’ve been coming back and forth and back and forth to get an appointment. It was just so overwhelming with the waiting period and I wasn’t able to get off from work,” Tessema said.

At a nearby City of Houston-run multicultural center, Juana and Alberto Lopez, both 50, sat nervously with a city-hired application counselor waiting to learn whether they qualified for a subsidy. Their 20-year-old daughter, Juanita, was with them.

Alberto Lopez, unemployed and on disability since he became ill with cirrhosis, might qualify for Medicaid, Juanita Lopez said, explaining that her 3-month-old daughter also has Medicaid.

With her 13-year-old sister also at home, Juanita Lopez doesn’t believe the family could pay more than $50 a month for insurance. At the moment their income is about $1,200 a month between her mother’s wages as a housekeeper and her father’s disability. Most of that goes to a monthly rent of $1,000, she said.

But Monday was the first time they tried to apply.

“We weren’t sure if we had to do it or not,” Juanita Lopez said. “The whole process was so confusing.”

At another city-run multicultural center in Houston, Francisco Montano, a 62-year-old who does odd jobs, waited with his wife, Edith, 58. Montano scoffs at the $50 low-premium plan with the $12,500 deductible they have been offered and questions why he should pay for insurance, considering the companies “have all the money in the world.”

“I first need to know what Obama is trying to impose and whether it’s better for me,” Montano said. “If it’s better for me to pay a penalty than I’d rather give my money to the government than to the insurance.”

 

RAMIT PLUSHNICK-MASTI, Associated Press

Associated Press writer Christopher Sherman contributed to this report from McAllen, Texas.

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